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Posts Tagged ‘Computers and Internet’

goal

Before you read further, just want to let you know that this article is not about I hope Arsenal can get more goal in this year. Nothing about soccer club, ok?

Anyway, this article is about my plans for this year and goals I wanted to achieve. Not how many goal I want to score in soccer.
:)

Based on the achievement last year, I had made a plan for what I hope to accomplish this year.

  1. Expend my new company to another level, increase the profit.
  2. Add more servers in Malaysia data centers, increase local sales.
  3. Maintain oversea businesses (all 3 of my companies), and try to double up the revenue compare to last year.
  4. Contribute more effort in Opensource, write more articles about Opensource. Also, plan to become an IT magazine columnist where my articles can help those who wanted to learn more about Opensource. Especially on Ubuntu & WordPress.
  5. Sponsor more web hosting for bloggers who wanted to have a self hosted blog via my “Chicken Run Project
  6. Maybe starting an Internet Radio(shoutcast) and get some people including myself to broadcast.
  7. Get a HSBB(Fiber Optic) Internet connection during June and hook it up to my current home network(mini data center at my home).
  8. Buy one more new car. But don’t know what car to buy yet.
  9. Declare war to some ass hole bloggers who do nothing but harm to people.
  10. Kick some ass of those ass holes that tried to mess with me when I am in bad moment at last year. Yeah, revenge. It is some personal & business vendetta between me and some pukimak, so you don’t need to know much about this.
  11. Point some of the domain names to blogspot where people can directly use its sub domain name as their blog URL. Details will be release in a few more days.

So far these is the only thing I can think of now.
It will be more plans and goal for me to achieve. Like what James Bond said “The World Is Not Enough”.

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tower serverrack server

As what I had promised at my previous article, here is the article about what is web hosting.

“So, is the web hosting I purchased looks like pictures at above?”
You dream on lar! Those are servers, a web hosting is just part of the hard disk space inside the server only lar!

Ok, here is some detail explanation on what is web hosting.
Domain name is just like your house address. And it is not free. You have to pay for it every year, just like paying “Cukai Pintu”.
While web hosting is the house. And you also need to pay for the house rental. The only different is, real house address cannot be change to another house, but website’s domain name can be point to another server.

Many people think that if buy web hosting, means will also have the domain name also. This is actually not true. It is a separate service, but usually web hosting company sell both domain name and web hosting to you as a package. But I can tell you, it is not safe to buy this type of package. Lets say if you not satisfy with the web hosting service, and want to change to another web hosting company, you will be very hard to do so as these web hosting company will not release the domain name back to you, so you will either have to buy another domain for your new website and losing all the existing traffics, or you will have to stay with them.

So it is better to purchase a domain name and web hosting separately, where you only need to point the domain name to another web hosting server once you have transfered the files and database from the old server to the new server.

For domain name service, usually there is nothing for you to not satisfy about as it is just a location pointing service where it will not related with the quality of the server.

Web hosting servers usually looks like the pictures as above. Usually these servers is running on Linux. Apache, FTP server software, PHP and MySQL database system is usually installed into the server for processing websites in order to be viewable. Often there is also web hosting control panels such as cPanel or DirectAdmin in order to give access for the customer to control their own account for upload website, add domain name etc.

So when you buy a web hosting account, you are actually buying the hard disk space and allocated traffic limit from the web hosting company. You might think that it is not fair for paying money for the hard disk space, but the truth is, the electric, the Internet connection, the server hardware and the datacenter rental is very very expensive. So what we are buying are actually very worth compare to the total operating cost.

So how does it work?
When you point your domain name from the domain name control panel, you are actually pointing to the server’s name server which it will be looks like ns1.lanciaohosting.com and ns2.lanciaohoting.com. The name server host name is actually work like a domain name that pointed to the hosting server’s IP address. When you hit yourdomain.com, the traffic is actually redirected to the server, and the server will check the domain name record and redirect you to the folder where your files located via a host name resolver called bind9. Before the server able to recognize the domain name, you have to add the domain name in your web hosting control panel.

You actually no need to know about this. What you need to know is just point the domain name to the NS server and add the domain name under your web hosting control panel. Then upload the files or setup the website script such as blog programs, then your website will be running.
:)

What criteria you need to aware of about a web hosting service?

1st, is the operating system of the server. If the server is running on Windows Server operating system, it is not good. Why? Windows servers is not as stable as Linux/Unix servers, plus PHP and MySQL run better on Linux/Unix servers. 90% of the web programs running on the Internet nowadays is on PHP and MySQL such as WordPress(a self hosted blog program).

2nd, The web hosting company reputation. You should read the reviews of other web hosting account owner before you buy a web hosting account. But nowadays, a lot of reviews is fake and they are actually paid to write such reviews. So reviews is no longer trustworthy anymore. The best is to ask your friend who already used a lot of web hosting service about the comments, or try those service yourself one by one. Anyway, some of those web hosting service that never heard before is actually very good compare to those famous web hosting company. No offense, a famous Malaysia web hosting named Exabytes is a very reputable web hosting company, but recently they are not as reliable as before. This is the comment from a few of my friends who are using their service. I’m not sure how true is that, so to Exabytes, don’t take action on me as I just telling what my friends told me.

3rd, The price and specification. Most of you might think that web hosting package that comes with huge disk space and large amount of bandwidth with cheap price is a good deal. I can tell you that it is wrong. Most of the time, expensive web hosting package which lower disk space and less bandwidth allocated is much more safe. The reason is, you can make sure that they didn’t oversell the resources of the server. When the price is expensive, means they allocated less account on a single server. Less account means more server resource for everyone to use and the server will not be too lagging or slow. Avoid those “Unlimited disk space and bandwidth” packages, it is clearly shown that they are overselling everything. There is nothing such as unlimited hard disk space on a server as hard disk do have limit. No matter they are using clustering technology or anything, there will be a limit. Usually these type of unlimited web hosting accounts is very unreliable and always lag when you try to access to the website. Most of the time, these “unlimited” web hosting company will suspend your account when you use too much server resources. So these type of web hosting service is not a good choice.

4th, Company history. The longer the company is in the business, the more trustworthy they are. There is a lot of new web hosting company started nowadays, most of then are overselling while they do not have that much of resources. They sell with extremely cheap price and at last, they will have no choice but to close down due to they are loosing money. Usually those who already very long in the business will be much more safe as you do not need to afraid after you paid for 1 year, then the company suddenly close after a few month. Those who are already very long in the business usually the price of their web hosting package is not cheap, this is why I said expensive web hosting package with lower spec is better. Usually, web hosting companies that already operate 2 years is already good enough to trust them. But still, you need to beware that some of these old companies will also oversell their web hosting service, and the hosting account you get might be not as good as you expect. So don’t be a victim of their monopoly wars, they want to kill other opponents, just let them, don’t take those packages they offer during their wars. It is very easy to see, their normal packages is much more expensive then their “Promotional” packages. Don’t take these promotional packages, just take their normal packages which they will allocate you to a better server. If they have coupon number for you to use for buying their normal packages, then just use the coupon, it is safe.

5th, Specification. Although you need to concern about higher price with lower specs is good, but still, it is better to compare a few web hosting company before you buy. If one of the web hosting company’s package price is slightly lower than the others with similar specs, take that one. If it is far too much cheaper then the others, don’t take, it is dangerous, they might be bankrupt at the next month. Usually 1GB disk space is sufficient when you buy a web hosting account. It is for the database and the website files only, so it is not necessary to buy until as big as your hard disk on your desktop where you keep your movies and mp3. If you only use it for blogging, 300MB or 500MB disk space with about 10GB bandwidth is already enough for you, unless you are a very very very famous blogger. Normally, you will not even able to use until up to 1GB bandwidth for your blog, if you upload the videos to youtube and pictures to photobucket etc.

As you can see, this article is mainly to provide information to bloggers use only. The reason is, most of the web hosting customer nowadays is bloggers who wanted to run their blog with full control. If you intend to run a intensive websites like your own youtube or an active forum, the spec of the web hosting you need will be obviously much higher. You might need a whole VPS or server for your own website without sharing any resources with other web hosting users. But it will be something much more complicated, so I will not talk much about it now unless there is someone request me to write about it.

Anyway, if you intended to find web hosting service, you can always email me or MSN me at admin@garfield.in to ask about it. I can recommend you some good web hosting company with reasonable price.

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TLDTLD2

A lot people might not know what is domain name means. I just find out this after I chat with some people who are actually already long time blogging in the blogspore. They always say wanted to buy a .com for their blog, but they don’t know what is domain name means!?

Ok, since there is still so many people still don’t know what is domain name means, so I will write about this.

Domain name is the names with .com, .net, .org or what ever dot that is used for websites.
It is often known as TLD and SLD.
So what the fuck is TLD and SLD?

TLD stands for Top Level Domain, while SLD stands for Second Level Domain. So whats the different?

Domain names extensions such as .com, .net, .org, .info, .in, .my is TLD. Which means only 1 word at the end of the domain name. While domain names extensions such as .com.my, .net.my, .org.my, .co.uk, .com.tw is SLD. There is 2 level of dots at the domain name.

But do not mistake between sub-domain and second level domain.
URL like sohai.blogspot.com is not SLD, it is a sub-domain. blogspot.com itself is a TLD, so anything under .blogspot.com is a sub-domain. So sohai is the sub-domain of blogspot.com.
While sohai.idiot.com.my, sohai is the sub-domain of idiot.com.my.

There is some service like co.cc is providing “Free Domain Name” service.
But it is actually misleading people, coz .cc is a TLD and .co.cc is a domain name itself.
The owner is clever to purchase .co.cc and providing the so called “Free Domain Name” service, but any sites under .co.cc is actually a sub-domain of them, not a SLD.

For example, this blog URL is garfield.in, so it is a TLD domain name.

Why there is so many types of dot?
.com is originally mean Company.
.net is mean Network.
.org is mean Organization.
And etc.
These types of domain name is classified as gTLD (Generic Top Level Domain).

When the Internet is become more and more huge, ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) who control the formats of IP and domain name has announced that every country can have their own domain name extension. They called it ccTLD (Country Code Top Level Domain) which you can now see .my is for Malaysia, .in is for India, .sg is for Singapore, .jp is for Japan etc.

These ccTLD is controlled by the country registrar, then these country registrar has created SLD so that more people can buy a more focusing domain name extensions such as .com.my for Malaysia companies, .org.my for Malaysia organization, .edu.my for Malaysia education bodies etc.

Although there was a guide lines to follow, but nowadays, no one actually care about these guide lines. As you can see now, blogs like kennysia.com, arrentan.com etc are not a company website, but they are using a .com as their domain name. This also shown that there is not much people really care and know about the domain name standards. For me as well, I do not buy a .my domain name as I prefer to buy a domain name which is more controllable. This is also another criteria why people no longer follow the formats and guide lines.

A lot people asked about how to get a domain name?
Some idiot thought that by registering a web hosting with any .com name, he/she will be able to choose any desired name as domain name. These peple can be consider as moron.
Why? Coz people usually get the domain name with web hosting, is actually a package. You do pay for the domain name, just that the web hosting company is telling you it is free, it does not mean it is really free, you already paid together with the web hosting account!

If you not yet purchase any web hosting with domain name, I can tell you, do not buy a domain name like this, you will have no control on the domain name you get with the web hosting and the domain name ownership is still belongs to the web hosting company! You will find that you will not be able transfer the service to another company due to they will not release the domain name to you, so at the end, you will still have to stick to them.

Domain names with extensions like .com, .net, .org is usually US$10, there is some domain extension which is more expensive such as .my, .com.my etc. The price is quite fix, but each country code domain have its own sets of price. This is why people usually prefer to buy gTLD which the price is usually around US$10 where it is consider as much more cheap and shorter. a .my is about RM120 and a .com.my is about RM80.

Usually when you buy a domain name directly from a domain name registrar, you will be given an account and you will have access to fully control the domain name to point to which server, or you can even transfer it to another registrar with the domain code which only yourself able to view in the domain control panel.

Anyway, it is much more safer to register a domain name separately from the web hosting account as you can change web hosting service provider anytime when you are not satisfy with their service. All you need to do is just download everything, upload to the new server and point the domain name to the new server via the domain name control panel. In some registrar, there is even some advance features where you can create sub-domain and point you email traffic to google and use google service as your email! I will write about how to do this in the future. One of the registrar which have this advance feature is Kwebserv Domain. It is a very good service and there was a lot of good feed back from my friends who are currently using this registrar’s service now. (Yeah, thats my domain selling site, sorry for self advertising, hahahaha)

Since I had mentioned about web hosting, If you do not know what is web hosting, please wait for my next article. I will explain what is web hosting means.

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